The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Jodfur, has launched a special initiative to protect and rehabilitate the Tar Desert, its minerals, medicines, plants and animals through ecological conditions in the fields of medicine, engineering, environment and life sciences.
The initiative, called Desert Ecology, which is guided by nature and choice, was launched under the Jodhpur City Knowledge and Innovation Cluster.
According to officials, the Indian subcontinent is a unique high desert, characterized by large daily variations, low rainfall, high humidity and high levels of ultraviolet radiation. This is one of the largest natural laboratories to develop innovative ‘designs’ that ensure the adaptation and survival of local species, their interdependence, and the protection of the entire ecosystem.
“Because these habitats are rich in minerals and medicines that protect and preserve the diversity of life on earth, the effects of natural desertification are enormous. Often regarded as deserts, deserts are essential for climate stability. Any climate change or reproductive activity can cause any species to adapt to extremes of physiology, extinction and loss of diversity due to ecological decline. This will endanger the lives and livelihoods of the indigenous people, ”said Mitali Mukherjee, professor and head of the Department of Biology and Bioengineering.
With this initiative, the researchers will use IOT-enabled tools and a large data analysis framework to keep the cultural context and knowledge of traditional medicine in perspective.
Researchers combine computer vision and machine learning with domain knowledge to identify links between the geo-spatial temporal balance and the signatures of target designs for action intervention strategies.
“This generation of knowledge will result in the creation of a ‘desert ecological knowledge grid’ that promotes the engineering-research-development-business cycle. “This information grid helps to find solutions to control common and chronic diseases, new life opportunities and innovative bio-engineering designs in desert regions. It can also help to develop special strategies for sustainable ecological protection and rehabilitation for your residents, ”Mukaraba said.