Biden’s renewal plan can hit floating technology issues

Half of Binden’s management plan for the new beach wind could be in the form of fast-moving turbines Winning government support on both shores of the United States.

Floating marine farms, which cling to the surface of the ocean and float in deep water, remain the world’s purest source of energy for most experimental purposes.

But in the United States, the energy sector began to appear on the agenda of government policymakers seeking to reduce carbon emissions.

Lawmakers in three states By 2030, they have enacted laws that could bring wind power to 12.6 GW or more – a big piece of the Biden administration’s goal of 30 GW for that day. The two government laws have been in place in Oregon and California for the past four months.

The new measure, signed by California Gov. Gavin Newsom (D) on Thursday, will require state power officials to map out a roadmap for the marine industry with 20G and 2045 specific targets. Turbines: The waters off California’s coasts are so deep that they are traditionally attached to the bottom of the turbine type.

Windmakers have hailed it as a founding ground for the measurement industry.

“Today’s signature marks the beginning of a new era for the marine industry in California and the Pacific Coast,” Newsom said after signing the bill.

University of Maine Engineer Habib Dager California law, which regulates the development of a pilot floating off the coast of Maine, calls it “the basis of industry for growth in the United States.”

He thanked the East Coast states for enacting laws requiring a limited amount of resources to attract overseas wind turbines. California law eventually leads to a similar mission to floating technology.

“These are the ingredients for life in this industry,” says Dager.

However, floating turbines are raising serious questions about economic trade and environmental impacts.

Environmentalists warn that floating turbines – especially cables used to jump platforms – could harm marine life and birds in an unplanned manner. The cost of electricity generation may be higher than traditional wind turbines for at least the next decade. On the West Coast, the grid upgrades needed to handle the technology are coming at an uncertain price, especially in wildfires in California.

The same conflicts that have plagued many traditional beach wind projects can also be seen. Fisheries groups have warned power officials in Oregon that their activities will be “severely forced” by wind farms. Some property owners in California also hoped that some turbines could be seen off the coast.

Walt Musil, chief engineer at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Coastal Wind, believes that floating turbines will still allow developers to avoid controversy.

In general, he said, “the number of conflicts decreases as they move away from the coast.” This is where floating platforms are reflected, he pointed out – not only do they generate more electricity than rainwater stations, but they can still operate off the coast without being seen by beach owners.

There are still key questions about the technology’s potential. The first American show project, Djer Aqua Ventus in Maine, is not expected to start until early 2024.

“They are too young to tell us what we have learned,” says the Museum for Most Experimental Projects around the world.

Wildlife Concerns

Despite years of opposition from the U.S. military that Newcom could disrupt training in South and Central California waters, the California Coast Guard has signed into law.

Under President Beden, the Department of Defense wants to negotiate with coastal wind fans – in May the administration announced that as part of the state’s first 4.6 GW, up to 3 GW of wind could grow in areas near Central California. Total beach – enough to light up 1.6 million homes.

Coastal wind business groups are pushing for more corners. A.D. By 2040, floating designs could grow at least 10 GW from California, said the Coastal California Industrial Group last week.

“This is an important source of clean energy that generates energy during the day and night,” said Adam Stern, the team’s general manager.

California energy officials will determine how much wind power the state will have in the strategic plan required under the new law. The plan for next year details how much electricity should come from marine turbines, how the state will work to allow them, and what improvements are needed for grades and ports.

A similar planning process was launched in Oregon in June under a law signed by Democratic Gov. Kate Brown. Then the law could produce up to 3 GW.

Those new targets on the West Coast will add to Maine’s long-term goal of 5 GW by 2030.

Globally, in recent years, floating projects have expanded, especially in Asia. A.D. In 2019, 7.6 GW floating wind designs were in development. A year later, that number tripled, according to the U.S. Department of Energy.

Conservatives welcome the prospect of a new renewable energy industry in the United States. But they are also investigating how it can harm wildlife.

Frances Kersaw, a working scientist on marine animals at the Natural Resources Conservation Council, is one of the researchers trying to control the hazards.

So far, he said, the main environmental threat is caused by slippery cables. If the ropes are trapped in fishing nets or other marine debris, they can trap whales or other mammals.

Construction noise or the presence of turbines can also disrupt fish and other wildlife, although less so than other turbine designs, Kersho said.

“We need to think about the dangers,” he said.

While we do not know if development exists or not, we think there are solutions for them. “We can do this responsibly,” he said.

‘History and Signs’

Maine’s experience shows the difficulty of translating state-level policies into concrete projects.

The 2010 law, which set the target for 2030, included a temporary target of 3 GW by 2020. He traveled by ship that day.

One year after the law was enacted, new Republican Governor Paul Lepege took a temporary break on the new coastal wind farms and expressed widespread skepticism about renewable energy sources in response to concerns about the impact of electricity bills.

Utility regulators began to reconsider the power purchase agreement with Aqua Ventus pilot developers, raising hopes of a fall.

Incumbent Democrat Janet Mills has since confirmed Aku Ventus’ first contract. But consultant Wood McKenzie predicts that floating projects will not be fully operational in Maine until the early 2030s.

Many energy scientists, such as Mozambique, say California will be a major industry hub for floating turbines that have a strong demand for electricity and nationally.

Supervisors at the Department of the Interior’s Office of Ocean Energy Management have already begun assessing coastal areas in California for development.

Last week, Law said, “It’s definitely an important milestone and milestone for technology.”

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